FALL OF THE REPUBLIC
Coruscant was at the center of many galaxy-changing events during the final days of the Old Republic, starting with Senate hearings on the invasion of Naboo. Queen Amidala and Senator Palpatine argued passionately in the planet’s Senate building, a spectacular disc-shaped construct with an immense round rotunda. It was here that the Queen moved for a vote of no-confidence in Supreme Chancellor Valorum, which set the stage for Palpatine’s rise to hold the office. Later, a young slave boy named Anakin Skywalker was brought to Coruscant’s Jedi Temple for evaluation, though he was initially denied entry into the Order.
With a secession movement sweeping the galaxy, Coruscant became a political hotbed and a dangerous place. Senator Padmé Amidala was the target of a near fatal bombing and later an assassination attempt in her sleeping quarters. Jedi Obi-Wan Kenobi and Anakin Skywalker chased her attacker through the planet’s aerial speedways, and finally tracked the bounty hunter to a seedy Coruscant bar. There Obi-Wan was offered death sticks, which he refused with the use of a Jedi mind trick, and dismembered his target. Before she could speak, however, the changeling bounty hunter was killed -- her murderer escaping into the Coruscant night.
Meanwhile, Supreme Chancellor Palpatine sought executive powers to form a Grand Army of the Republic to counter the threats of the Separatists. Thankfully, for him, Representative Jar Jar Binks made a motion to gift him this authority. After the army was approved and the first battle of the Clone Wars ended, the Separatist leader Count Dooku surprisingly retreated to Coruscant. In an unidentified complex, he reconnected with the evil Darth Sidious, telling his Master, “I have good news for you, my lord. War has begun.”
The Clone Wars became one of the most politically-charged events the galaxy had ever known. As such, Coruscant saw its share of incredible, mysterious, and strange events.
Upon the clone troopers' discovery a great creature on Malastare called the Zillo Beast, the Supreme Chancellor commanded that it be brought to Coruscant. The monster would not be trapped, however, and escaped to wreak havoc before finally being destroyed. At another point, bounty hunter Cad Bane infiltrated the Jedi Archives and successfully stole a holocron. While the artifact was eventually recovered, it was a daring feat never before accomplished. Finally, with the citizenry growing tired of the war, the Jedi Temple was bombed and Ahsoka Tano later framed for murder. The Jedi escaped prison and fled into the lower levels of Coruscant, an often shadowy and dangerous place. When she was finally apprehended, Ahsoka was tried in a grand court, one of the many new installations of the massive military industrial complex that grew on Coruscant during this time.
In a daring move, General Grievous and Count Dooku kidnapped Supreme Chancellor Palpatine from his offices on Coruscant. The Battle of Coruscant erupted in the crime’s wake, with the clone army fleet taking on the Separatists’ droids in the planet’s stratosphere. Obi-Wan and Anakin rescued Palpatine, however, with Anakin safely landing Grievous’ flagship on the city-planet. Later, in a Coruscant opera house, Palpatine told Anakin a Sith fable about a dark side practitioner who could save people from dying; this would prove the key to Anakin’s turn from Jedi to Sith. He devoted himself to the dark side to learn this ability from Palpatine, a Sith himself, and led the destruction of the Jedi on Coruscant, including the slaughter of younglings in the Jedi Temple. Palpatine, meanwhile, held a special session in the Galactic Senate. He reorganized the Republic into the Empire, and named himself Emperor.
GALACTIC CIVIL WAR
After years of struggle, the Rebel Alliance had finally restored freedom to the galaxy, destroying the Empire’s Death Star II; at the same time, the Emperor was betrayed by Darth Vader -- the former Anakin Skywalker, who had finally turned back to the side of good. Celebrations erupted throughout the galaxy, with citizens overjoyed.
In Coruscant, the center of Palpatine’s tyranny as Emperor, fireworks decorated the night sky, streets and balconies filled with revelers, and confetti streamed from above. In a fitting symbol of the Empire’s end, a massive statue of the Emperor was toppled, crumbling much like the Sith Lord’s once unmatched power.
For over a thousand years, the Galactic Republic stood firm as a democratic union that governed the galaxy. The Republic was governed by the Galactic Senate, consisting of elected officials from each system and world, and Jedi Knights served as peacekeepers. With the rise of Supreme Chancellor Palpatine, however, the Galactic Republic -- and democracy -- would crumble.
At the height of its rule, the Galactic Republic was governed by a body of Senators representing the many worlds of the galaxy. Within the cavernous Senate rotunda, hundreds of politicians would fill the viewing platforms that lined the curved walls. When a Senator wished to speak, the platform would detach and float to the center of the auditorium for all to see.
Scheming, powerful, and evil to the core, Darth Sidious restored the Sith and destroyed the Jedi Order. Living a double life, Sidious was in fact Palpatine, a Naboo Senator and phantom menace. He slowly manipulated the political system of the Galactic Republic until he was named Supreme Chancellor -- and eventually Emperor -- ruling the galaxy through fear and tyranny.
Padmé Amidala was a courageous, hopeful leader, serving as Queen and then Senator of Naboo -- and was also handy with a blaster. Despite her ideals and all she did for the cause of peace, her secret, forbidden marriage to Jedi Anakin Skywalker would prove to have dire consequences for the galaxy.
A noble order of protectors unified by their ability to tap into the power of the Force, the Jedi Order were the guardians of peace and justice in the Galactic Republic. The age of the Jedi would end, however, due to a nefarious plot by the Sith Lord Darth Sidious.
Instantly recognizable by its distinctive crown of five spires, the Jedi Temple was the home of the Jedi Order on Coruscant. Part school and part monastery, the Jedi Temple is the central hub for all Jedi activities around the galaxy.