FALL OF THE REPUBLIC
The Archduke of the Geonosian hives, Poggle the Lesser was an early backer of the Separatist cause, creating the battle droids used by the Trade Federation to invade Naboo. A decade later, Poggle promised Count Dooku armies and weapons – including the plans for a battle station that could destroy a planet.
Despite the Republic victory on Geonosis that began the Clone Wars, Poggle soon rejoined to the Separatist cause, opening new droid foundries and weapons factories. That provoked a second Republic invasion, during which Poggle was captured.
Undeterred, the Geonosian Archduke resumed his activities on the Separatists’ behalf yet again. A member of the Separatist Council, he was finally cornered and killed on Mustafar by Anakin Skywalker at the conclusion of the Clone Wars.
A harsh rocky world less than a parsec away from Tatooine, Geonosis is a ringed planet beyond the borders of the Galactic Republic. Its uninviting surface is made up of harsh, rocky desert, and the creatures that evolved on Geonosis are well equipped to survive in the brutal environment. The most advanced lifeform are the Geonosians, sentient insectoids that inhabit towering spire-hives. The Geonosians maintain large factories for the production of droids and weapons for the Separatist cause in the Clone Wars.
Rather than use flesh-and-blood warriors, the Separatists prefer mindlessly loyal soldiers that are easily controlled. The soulless ranks of their armies are dominated by tall, thin B1 battle droids built as mechanical imitations of their Geonosian designers. Battle droids can be controlled by centralized command centers such as the Trade Federation’s enormous Droid Control Ships, or programmed for independent action. They often suffer programming glitches that manifest as personality quirks. Battle droids are dim-witted and no match for clone troopers or Jedi, but they weren’t designed to be smart – they were designed to overwhelm Republic civilians through sheer numbers, something they do very effectively.
Discovered as a slave on Tatooine by Qui-Gon Jinn and Obi-Wan Kenobi, Anakin Skywalker had the potential to become one of the most powerful Jedi ever, and was believed by some to be the prophesied Chosen One who would bring balance to the Force. A hero of the Clone Wars, Anakin was caring and compassionate, but also had a fear of loss that would prove to be his downfall.
The secret leader of the Geonosians, Karina dwelled in the catacombs beneath the Progate Temple, laying eggs, controlling an army of Geonosian drones, and giving orders to public Geonosian leaders such as Poggle the Lesser. When Poggle fled to the Temple, the Jedi followed and discovered Karina, who had captured Luminara Unduli—and now sought control of Jedi Knights.
In the final days of the Republic, the galactic government had grown so huge and corrupt that any attempt at change required radical thinking and extreme actions. Outlying systems that saw no benefit from being part of the Republic despite paying heavy taxes, began to rebel. This undercurrent of disgust towards Coruscant was seized by a charismatic leader, Count Dooku. The former Jedi rallied together these worlds in a Separatist movement that saw the departure of thousands of systems from the Republic. When Dooku's alliance was secretly backed by corporate titans that offered their unlimited droid armies to the cause, the Separatists emerged as a major threat to the Republic, and the galaxy tipped towards full scale war.