This elite group of clones guards was led by Clone Commander Fox. It was their task to keep the peace on Coruscant, to protect important buildings, and to supplement the job of the Senate Guard. They escorted Jedi and other senatorial dignitaries to protect them on official missions. They were also the group in charge of hunting down Ahsoka Tano when she was accused of murder in the wake of the Jedi Temple bombing. At the direction of the newly minted Emperor Palpatine, they even sought out Master Yoda in the moments before his exile, but he slipped through their fingers, and they instead shifted their efforts to help find an injured Darth Vader.
At the time of their introduction, the Republic clone troopers represented the future of galactic warfare. Far superior to battle droids, the clone troopers formed the backbone of the Republic's new military that waged war against the forces of the Confederacy of Independent Systems. So symbolic were they of the times, the galaxy-wide conflict that saw their debut took its name from their ranks: the Clone Wars.
At the height of its rule, the Galactic Republic was governed by a body of Senators representing the many worlds of the galaxy. Within the cavernous Senate rotunda, hundreds of politicians would fill the viewing platforms that lined the curved walls. The Senate’s power gradually eroded after it voted emergency powers to Supreme Chancellor Palpatine during the Clone Wars, and the body was sharply divided between supporters of the war and those seeking peace. After Palpatine declared himself Emperor, power was increasingly wielded by regional governors. Shortly before the Battle of Yavin, Palpatine disbanded the Senate.
Jabba the Hutt's Uncle Ziro conspired with Count Dooku to kidnap Jabba's son Rotta, reasoning that when the Jedi sent to retrieve Rotta died, the Republic would be forced to apprehend Jabba, leading to Ziro gaining control of their clan. When the conspiracy unraveled, Ziro was imprisoned on Coruscant. Cad Bane freed him and turned him over to the Hutt Council, who feared that Ziro might tell the Republic of their many dirty dealings. Ziro escaped the Hutts, but could not outrun his past.
Hardened by a life in the working class levels of Coruscant, Letta Turmond had a jaundiced view of the Jedi Order and the leadership of the Galactic Republic. Her husband, Jackar Bowmani, was a technician who worked in the Jedi Temple, and devoted his life to supporting the Order. With the outbreak of the Clone Wars, Bowmani's expertise was used to arm Republic gunships, and it galled Letta to see what was once an institution of peace and justice transformed into an instrument of war. She became an activist opposed to the Jedi involvement of the war, but her beliefs were so radical that they crossed the line into terrorism.